In recognition of the Civil War Sesquicentennial, “Civil War-Era Memories” features excerpts from The Memphis Daily Appeal of 150 years ago. The Appeal is publishing from Atlanta. Perspective from our staff is in italics
.July 22, 1863
During the battle of Gettysburg, General Ewell, reining in his horse and calling one of his aides, said: “I have been struck, assist me to alight.” Having helped him from his horse, the aide inquired where the general had been hit. “Here,” said the general, pointing to his wooden leg. “I’ll trouble you to hand me my other leg.” The fractured artificial limb having been removed and the fresh one put in its place, the brave old general remounted his horse and again rode to the front.
July 25, 1863
Fill up the Ranks — View the battle of Gettysburg as we may, a victory for Lee or for Meade, this much is certain — Vicksburg is fallen; Grant is assailing Johnston with a greatly superior force, Rosecrans has an army nearly twice as large as Bragg’s and last and most important, Lincoln has called out 300,000 conscripts. Under these circumstances, the duty of the Government and people in the Confederate states is to place in the field every available man, and that without delay.
July 26, 1863
Items of the Vicksburg Siege — (From the editor) We have gathered from a participant of this terrible siege, some particulars that have not yet been made public ... The accounts about short rations are all true, and for a period of forty-two days did the gallant troops composing that garrison, subsist on quarter rations. Flour and cornmeal were at last entirely exhausted. The want of meat was in a great measure supplied by mule meat and rats; the former selling in the market to citizens at one dollar a pound. There were no rats offered for sale, but those who ate them claim that they were better than squirrels. During all this time there was little or no complaint, either by citizens or solders, but all were ambitious to endure privations for the sake of holding the place.
(H.G. Sanderson was the APPEAL’s Vicksburg correspondent known as NESTOR. Caught behind Federal lines and delayed for a week by the surrender, he hand-carried his last Vicksburg story to the Atlanta office, apologizing for missing a deadline. His “Inside View of the Siege,” which filled four columns of the APPEAL’s July 27th edition can be read here: http://1.usa.gov/15G5FfL)